How Healthy Are Your Teeth?
Besides exercising regularly and having a well-balanced diet, many people tend to overlook the importance of having good oral hygiene. Poor oral hygiene can lead to cavities and gum disease.
Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums. It commonly occurs because a film of plaque, or bacteria, accumulates on the teeth. Gingivitis is a non-destructive type of periodontal (gum) disease, but untreated gingivitis can progress to periodontitis. This is more serious and can eventually lead to loss of teeth.
Periodontitis is a severe gum infection that may lead to tooth loss and other serious health complications. Periodontitis - also called gum disease, is a serious gum infection that damages the soft tissue, and without treatment, can destroy the bone that supports your teeth. Periodontal disease begins when plaque – a film of bacteria, food debris, and saliva, is left on the teeth and gums. The bacteria produce toxins (acids) that inflame the gums and slowly destroy the bone.
Below is a list of the signs and symptoms of Periodontal Disease:
Red and puffy gums
Persistent bad breath caused by bacteria in the mouth
New spacing between teeth due to bone loss
Loose teeth due to bone loss or weakened periodontal fibers
Pus around the teeth and gums
Loss of gum around a tooth
Tenderness or discomfort
Good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease. Here are the steps to maintain good oral hygiene:
Brushing thoroughly twice a day
Use fluoride-containing dental products
Cut down on sugary drinks and drink more water
Eating a balanced diet and limiting snacks between meals
Cut down on sugary food
Do not smoke
Visit your dentist regularly
Adopt these practices to ensure healthy teeth and gums. Remember, taking good care of your teeth and maintaining them is just as important as taking care of your own health!